Gynecomastia is a condition that is characterized by the swelling of breast tissue in men. The condition is caused due to an imbalance in hormones such as testosterone and estrogen. It affects one or both breasts of the sufferer – sometimes, unevenly.
Gynecomastia can affect newborns, young boys, as well as older men due to hormonal changes in their system. Even though the condition is not serious, it can be uncomfortable and embarrassing for boys.
They can experience pain in the breasts at times. This article provides information on the possible treatments for gynecomastia.
The symptoms of the condition include swollen breasts and breast tenderness. The condition can recede on its own at times.
But if it doesn’t go away on its own, you may have to consult your healthcare provider for appropriate treatments. You should see a doctor is the swelling, pain, and tenderness of the breasts persist.
Also, if there is any nipple discharge in one or both breasts, you should immediately see a doctor.
Gynecomastia is caused by a decrease in the amount of testosterone compared to estrogen. The decrease of testosterone and the increase of estrogen is the cause of this condition.
There are many factors that can cause a hormonal imbalance in your body. Some of them include:
. Natural hormonal changes in the body
. Certain medications such as anti-androgens, anabolic steroids, AIDS medications, anti-anxiety medications like Valium, Tricyclic antidepressants, antibiotics, chemotherapy, and ulcer medications.
. Alcohol and street drugs like heroin, marijuana, and methadone.
. Aging, liver failure, starvation, and hyperthyroidism.
Your doctor will ask you certain questions to diagnose the condition properly. He or she may inquire about your medical and drug history, health conditions in your family, and evaluate the breast tissues to diagnose the condition.
You may require further testing depending on the initial findings. Some of the tests include CT scans, MRI scans, blood tests, mammograms, testicular ultrasounds, and tissue biopsies.
If there are other conditions that contribute to gynecomastia such as hypogonadism, cirrhosis, or malnutrition, these conditions will be treated first. There are only two possible treatments for this condition such as medications and surgery.
Medications such as aromatase inhibitors (Arimidex), raloxifene (Evista), and tamoxifen (Soltamox) are helpful for people suffering from gynecomastia. On the other hand, surgery such as Mastectomy and Liposuction are highly effective to remove the excess breast tissue.
The above read offers information on possible treatments for gynecomastia.